Top 10 iron rich foods

- Red meat
- Egg yolks
- Dark, leafy greens (spinach, collards)
- Dried fruit (prunes, raisins)
- Iron-enriched cereals and grains (check the labels)
- Mollusks (oysters, clams, scallops)
- Turkey or chicken giblets
- Beans, lentils, chick peas and soybeans
- Liver
- Artichokes



What are the functions of iron?

Iron is an essential for:

the formation of hemoglobin and certain enzymes,
many proteins and enzymes that maintain good health,
transporting oxygen in the blood to all parts of the body,
many metabolic reactions and the regulation of cell growth and differentiation,
immune activity,
proper functioning of the liver, and
protection against the actions of free radicals.

What are the symptoms of iron deficiency?

Iron deficiency can lead to anaemia when the iron stores in the body become depleted and hemoglobin synthesis is inhibited.

Symptoms and signs of anaemia include:

feeling tired and weak,
lacking stamina and decreased work and school performance,
slow cognitive and social development during childhood,
difficulty in maintaining body temperature,
decreased immune function, which increases susceptibility to infection,
breathlessness,
headaches,
insomnia,
loss of appetite, and
pallor.

All the above are associated with decreased oxygen supply to tissues and organs. Iron also plays an important role in the immune system, people with low iron levels having lowered resistance to infection.


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